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How To Write A Dissertation Discussion In Psychology

Writing a dissertation is a significant milestone in the academic journey of a psychology student. It involves conducting in-depth research, analyzing data, and presenting your findings. One crucial section of a psychology dissertation is the discussion chapter. In this section, you can interpret your research results, explore their implications, and contribute to the existing knowledge in the field. To help you navigate the process, this blog will provide a step-by-step guide on how to write a dissertation discussion in psychology.

Understand the Purpose:

Before delving into writing the discussion chapter, it is essential to understand its purpose. The discussion section aims to interpret your research findings and provide context for their significance. It is not merely a summary of the results but a critical analysis that connects your research to existing theories, literature, and research questions.

Start with a Summary:

Begin the discussion section by summarizing your main findings concisely. This summary serves as a transition between the results and the analysis. It allows readers to quickly grasp the key outcomes of your research before diving into the deeper interpretation.

Relate to the Research Questions:

Next, relate your findings to your dissertation’s research questions or objectives. Discuss how your results address these questions and contribute to understanding the topic. Highlight any unexpected or contrasting results and explain possible reasons for them.

Compare with Previous Research:

An essential aspect of the discussion section is to compare and contrast your findings with previous research in the field. Identify similarities, differences, and gaps in knowledge. Discuss how your results align or diverge from existing theories and studies. This demonstrates your understanding of the broader scientific context and your ability to evaluate research critically.

Interpret and Analyze the Results:

Now, it’s time to delve deeper into the interpretation and analysis of your results. Discuss the implications of your findings and their potential impact on psychology. Provide explanations and justifications based on your data and relevant theories. Use your critical thinking skills to explore alternative explanations and offer counterarguments, where applicable.

Address Limitations:

Every research study has its limitations, and it is crucial to acknowledge them in the discussion section. Identify the limitations of your research design, sample size, data collection methods, or other factors that may have influenced your results. Discuss how these limitations may have affected the validity or generalizability of your findings. This demonstrates your awareness of the study’s weaknesses and provides opportunities for future research.

Suggest Future Directions:

Conclude the discussion chapter by suggesting potential avenues for future research. Based on the limitations you identified and the gaps in knowledge, propose ideas that could build upon your study. This helps to extend the conversation in the field and highlights your contribution to the ongoing scientific discourse.

Maintain a Coherent Structure:

Throughout the discussion chapter, ensure that your ideas flow logically and coherently. Use clear headings and subheadings to organize different aspects of your analysis. Transition smoothly between different points and provide clear links to previous sections of your dissertation.

Stay Objective:

Maintaining an objective and academic tone is crucial when writing the discussion section. Present your interpretations and analyses based on the evidence at hand. Avoid overgeneralizing or making unsupported claims. Instead, emphasize the limitations and uncertainties of your research, which will enhance the credibility of your work.

Revise and Edit:

Lastly, remember to revise and edit your discussion chapter thoroughly. Check for coherence, clarity, grammar, and spelling errors. Pay attention to the overall structure and ensure that evidence supports your arguments well.


In conclusion, writing the discussion chapter of a psychology dissertation requires thoughtful analysis and interpretation of your research findings. You can provide a comprehensive and meaningful discussion by summarizing your results, relating them to research questions, comparing them with previous studies, and addressing limitations. Remember to stay objective, suggest future directions, and maintain a coherent structure throughout your writing. With these guidelines in mind, you will be well-equipped to write a strong and impactful dissertation discussion in psychology.

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